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Civil services If the ocean can calm itself ,so you can

   133 Views  |     |   Thursday, December, 9, 2021

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By: Dar showkat
Budkoot Handwara
can reached@darshowkat41@gmail.com


The Government of India chose April 21 as the National Civil Service Day as on this day the country’s first home minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel addressed the newly appointed Administrative Services Officers in 1947. The historic occasion took place at the Metcalfe House in Delhi.
On this day, the Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration are presented. In the Awards scheme, a large number of Districts across the country participates and the scale of the entire process is very large. As we know that Civil Service is the service that is responsible for the public administration of the government of the country. It does not include legislative, judiciary, and military personnel. Let us tell you that the civil service members do not take any pledge to any political ruling party but are the executioners of the policies of the ruling political party.Civil Service word date back to the British time when British East India Company civilian staffs involved in administrative jobs and were known as ‘Public Servants’. Its foundation has been laid by Warren Hastings and later more reforms were done by Charles Cornwallis and so he was known as the “Father of Civil Services in India”.Civil Service in India consists of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and a comprehensive list of All India Services and Central Services Group A and Group B. 21 April is dedicated to the Civil Service people to commemorate their exemplary services and to reflect back what they have done years back. Also, on this day they make planning for the coming year, how they have to work for their respective departments.
Why is 21 April celebrated as National Civil Service Day?
Its origin is related to the 1947 year when on 21st April Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Home Minister of Independent India addressed the probationary officers at the All India Administrative Service Training School at Metcalfe House, Delhi. He delivered a powerful speech and empowered the Civil Servants to adopt the true role of national service leaving behind the past experience. In his speech he referred to civil servants as the ‘steel frame of India’. The first such function was held in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 21 April, 2006. So, since 2006 it has been celebrated as National Civil Service Day on 21 April. On this day the Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration are also given.
National Civil Service Day objective behind celebration
To motivate and appreciate the work and efforts of Civil Service officers.
- Central Government uses this opportunity to evaluate the work of various departments under the civil services.
- The central government felicitate and provide awards to the best working individuals and groups.
On this day mostly all the officers of central and State Governments are awarded by the Prime Minister of India for their extraordinary services in the field of public administration. Do you know that the function is organised by the Department of the Administrative Reforms and Public grievances (DARPG) and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions?
The ‘Prime Minister Award for Excellence in Public Administration ‘is awarded in three categories.
Every year lakhs of candidates apply for the Indian Civil Service exam for almost a thousand posts. But we can’t ignore that civil service is the pillar on which the government-run the vehicle of policies and programmes of the country smoothly. The contribution of civil servants to society, the nation as a whole can’t be expressed in words. Therefore, 21 April is celebrated as Civil Service Day to encourage civil servants for their immense contribution to the nation.
The Civil Services refer to the career civil servants who are the permanent executive branch of the Republic of India. The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.
In India’s parliamentary democracy, the ultimate responsibility for running the administration rests with the people’s elected representatives—cabinet ministers. But a handful of ministers cannot be expected to deal personally with the manifold problems of modern administration. Thus, the ministers lay down the policy and it is for the civil servants, who serve at the pleasure of the President of India, to carry it out. However, Article 311 of the constitution protects them from politically motivated or vindictive action.
The highest personnel cadre strength among the entire civil services system in India is with Central Secretariat Service and Indian Revenue Service (IT and C&CE). Civil servants are employees of the Government of India or of the states, but not all employees of the Government are civil servants. As of 2010, there were 6.4 million government employees in India but fewer than 50,000 civil servants to administer them.
Civil servants in a personal capacity are paid from the Civil List. Senior civil servants may be called to account by the Parliament. The civil service system in India is rank-based and does not follow the tenets of the position-based civil services.
The Government of India approved the formation of Indian Skill Development Service in 2015, Indian Enterprise Development Service.in 2016. Further, the Cabinet of India approved merging all civil services under Indian Railways into a single Indian Railways Management Service as part of a structural reform in the sector in 2019.
Forced retirement of corrupt and inept officers 
In 2011, the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, created a proposal to retire and remove incompetent, inefficient and unproductive All India Service officers after 15 years of service, which was accepted and rule 16(3) of the All India Services (death-cum-retirement benefits) Rules of 1958 was amended on 31 January 2012.
In 2016, the Ministry of Finance dismissed 72 and prematurely retired another 33 Indian Revenue Service officers for the first time for non-performance and on disciplinary grounds.
In 2019, to send a message that the job posting with government bureaucracy is no longer “permanent for the dishonest, corrupt and inefficient” officers, the government fired 22 corrupt officers from the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) and another 284 Central Secretariat Service officers were under performance audit by a review panel headed by the Cabinet Secretary.


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